Monday, July 16, 2012

Different ways of logging in WSO2ESB

All wso2 carbon products have a standard way to define a logs .  All logging mechanisms are handled by a carbon logging-mgt component, which is controlled by a central log4j properties file. According to user   needs, he can edit the properties file to get desired log level info in different package level.

When consider ESB product, users have different requirements to acquire the log information in different layers/level of the mediation flow. There are number of ways you can get certain log info in wso2esb.
  • Log mediators :- Users can keep the log mediator in the sequence, and could get certain info about the messages which are passing through certain ESB artifacts
<log level='full'>
         <property name ='Request message' value='message arrived to insequence'/>
  • Editing file to get proxy service level log info:- In this way, user might need to add separate blocks of configuration for all configured proxies. This may be inappropriate in a real production system,where there are hundreds of proxy services deployed and user might need to add hundreds of lines configuration in the file for each proxy service
 log4j.category.SERVICE_LOGGER.SimpleStockQuoteProxy=INFO, PROXY_APPENDER
log4j.appender.PROXY_APPENDER.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{HH:mm:ss,SSS} [%X{ip}-%X{host}] [%t] %5p %c{1} %m%

  •  There is another code level implementation, which can be used to extract some details in certain level of synapse artifacts.
    • eg: Proxy level/Sequence level...
SynapseObserver is an abstract class,which will get notified, whenever a new artifact deployed/undeployed. Each and every  message arrives to the mediation engine will notify the SynapseObserver.
We can extend this observer, to get all proxy service level log information rather adding hundreds line of configuration in the file.
Code :
import org.apache.synapse.config.AbstractSynapseObserver;
import org.apache.synapse.core.axis2.ProxyService;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender;
import org.apache.log4j.Level;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout;

 * This is a custom synapse observer to programatically engage the appender
 * for proxy services.
public class CustomProxyObserver extends AbstractSynapseObserver {
    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(CustomProxyObserver.class);

    public void proxyServiceAdded(ProxyService proxy) {
        try {
        } catch (IOException e) {
            log.error("CustomProxyObserver could not set service level logger for the proxy : " +
                      proxy.getName(), e);

    public void proxyServiceRemoved(ProxyService proxy) {
        try {
        } catch (IOException e) {
            log.error("CustomProxyObserver could not set service level logger for the proxy : " +
                      proxy.getName(), e);

     * Method to set proxy service specific logger
     * @param proxy
     * @throws IOException
    private void setLogger(ProxyService proxy) throws IOException {

        String filename = "logs/" + proxy.getName() + ".log";
        String datePattern = "yyyy-MM-dd";
        String SYSTEM_LOG_PATTERN = "[%d] %5p - %x %m {%c}%n";

        PatternLayout layout = new PatternLayout(SYSTEM_LOG_PATTERN);
        DailyRollingFileAppender appender = null;
        appender = new DailyRollingFileAppender(layout, filename, datePattern);

        Logger proxyLogger = Logger.getLogger("SERVICE_LOGGER." + proxy.getName());
        proxyLogger.setLevel((Level) Level.DEBUG);


<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">



 User needs to keep the bundle in the repository/components/dropins folder and need to edit the file to register the CustomObserver



You will see the generated log files in the ESB_HOME?logs folder.

There is another way, which also needs some coding effort, to extract some specific debug level  information, which are really useful to debug a certain use cases.I'll write about that with sample code and scenario in my next post.

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